Function Order Models Guide

Function Order Models Guide

Hello Guest! Sign up to join the discussion below...
Results 1 to 5 of 5
Thank Tree11Thanks
  • 9 Post By Fanille
  • 1 Post By Mizmar
  • 1 Post By LiquidLight

This is a discussion on Function Order Models Guide within the Myers Briggs Forum forums, part of the Personality Type Forums category; I did discuss the varying Function Order Models in the forums before, but I figured I'd create a thread just ...

  1. #1
    ISTP - The Mechanics

    Function Order Models Guide

    I did discuss the varying Function Order Models in the forums before, but I figured I'd create a thread just for this topic. For the sake of clarity, I will simply list the models in this post and save any opinions I have on these models for subsequent posts in this thread.

    For the examples in this post I will use ISTP, just for the sake of convenience.

    Dominant and Auxiliary Functions

    In his book Psychological Types (first published in 1921), Carl Jung discusses eight functions. The Rational functions are Thinking and Feeling, both of which can be Extraverted or Introverted. The Irrational functions are Sensing and Intuitive, which again can be Extraverted or Introverted.

    For each type, there is both a Dominant function and an Auxiliary function. The Auxiliary function is of the opposite rationality and attitude, so someone with a dominant Introverted Rational Function (Ti or Fi) would have an auxiliary Extraverted Irrational Function (Se or Ne).

    Myers-Briggs Four Function Model, and The Four-Letter Type Code

    The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was first published in 1962. It was with this instrument that the 4-letter type code, and in particular the J/P designation (something Jung did not mention in his work), was introduced.

    For Extraverts, ExxPs have an Irrational function (Se or Ne) as their dominant function, while ExxJs have a Rational function (Te or Fe) as their dominant function.

    For Introverts, IxxPs have a Rational function (Ti or Fi) as their dominant function, while IxxJs have an Irrational function (Si or Ni) as their dominant function.

    The four-function model also features tertiary and inferior functions. The tertiary function is the "opposite" of the auxiliary function, while the inferior function is the "opposite" of the dominant function. When I refer to "opposites" in this sense, I mean the following:
    Ti is the opposite of Fe
    Fi is the opposite of Te
    Se is the opposite of Ni
    Ne is the opposite of Si

    So, for our ISTP example:
    Dominant: Ti
    Auxiliary: Se
    Tertiary: Ni
    Inferior: Fe

    John Beebe's Eight-Function Model

    But the four-function model only accounts for half of Jung's eight functions. So what about the other four?

    John Beebe
    , who first published about his model in the 1980s, came up with "Shadow" functions, which are arranged like this:
    Ti is the shadow of Fi
    Te is the shadow of Fe
    Se is the shadow of Ne
    Si is the shadow of Ni

    The Dominant, Auxiliary, Tertiary, and Inferior functions are the first four (Beebe refers to them as Hero/Heroine, Father/Mother, Puer/Puella, and Anima/Animus). The last four functions, which Beebe calls Opposing Personality, Senex/Witch, Trickster, and Demonic Personality, are the same functions with opposite attitudes. So for our ISTP example, the functions are arranged in the following order:

    Hero: Ti
    Father: Se
    Puer: Ni
    Anima: Fe
    Opposing: Te
    Senex: Si
    Trickster: Ne
    Demonic: Fi

    Lenore Thomson's Brain Hemisphere-Based Model

    Research on brain lateralization has shown that behaviors that correspond to Thinking, Feeling, Sensing, and Intuition are in both hemispheres of the brain, with the left brain being more sequential and verbally oriented and the right brain being more holistic and visually oriented. Extraversion has been associated with the front of the brain, while Introversion has been associated with the back of the brain.

    Thus, Jonathan Niednagel has associated left-brain dominance with Judging (Js have Te or Fe and Si or Ni as their main functions) and right-brain dominance with Perceiving (Ps have Ti or Si and Se or Ne as their main functions).

    Lenore Thomson took this one step further, associating each of the eight functions with a specific part of the brain.
    Front-Left: Te, Fe
    Front-Right: Se, Ne
    Back-Left: Si, Ni
    Back-Right: Ti, Fi

    In her book, Personality Type: An Owner's Manual (1998), Thomson introduced the idea of Alternatives and Double-Agents. The Alternatives are on the same side of the brain as your dominant and auxiliary functions, while the Double-Agents are on the opposite side. So for our ISTP (right-brain dominant) example, it looks like this:

    Dominant: Ti
    Auxiliary: Se
    Right-brain Alternative 1: Fi
    Right-brain Alternative 2: Ne
    Left-brain Double Agent 1: Te
    Left-brain Double Agent 2: Si
    Tertiary: Ni
    Inferior: Fe

    Socionics Model A

    Unlike Beebe and Thomson, who developed their models based on the work of Myers-Briggs, Aušra Augustinavičiūtė developed her model independently of Myers-Briggs, first publishing at some point between 1978 and 1980.

    Model A is difficult for me to explain in words, so I'll just use an example of LSI (ISTj).

    1. Leading function: Ti
    2. Creative: Se
    3. Role: Ni
    4. Vulnerable: Fe
    5. Suggestive: Ne
    6. Mobilizing: Fi
    7. Observant or Ignoring: Si
    8. Demonstrative: Te
    Happy, Blueguardian, Aßbiscuits and 6 others thanked this post.



  2. #2
    Unknown Personality

    Today, I've been reading about Angelo Spoto who allows for 56 types total.

    To identify all possible combinations of Dominant and Auxiliary Function Types.

    New Jungian Paradigm
    Grey thanked this post.

  3. #3
    INTP - The Thinkers

    I am really concerned with the types and the ordering of the functions. How does an individual use Ti dominant and Ne auxiliary? What is the explanation for this?

  4. #4
    INFJ - The Protectors

    Quote Originally Posted by Fanille View Post
    Dominant and Auxiliary Functions

    In his book Psychological Types (first published in 1921), Carl Jung discusses eight functions. The Rational functions are Thinking and Feeling, both of which can be Extraverted or Introverted. The Irrational functions are Sensing and Intuitive, which again can be Extraverted or Introverted.

    For each type, there is both a Dominant function and an Auxiliary function. The Auxiliary function is of the opposite rationality and attitude, so someone with a dominant Introverted Rational Function (Ti or Fi) would have an auxiliary Extraverted Irrational Function (Se or Ne).

    Myers-Briggs Four Function Model, and The Four-Letter Type Code

    The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was first published in 1962. It was with this instrument that the 4-letter type code, and in particular the J/P designation (something Jung did not mention in his work), was introduced.

    For Extraverts, ExxPs have an Irrational function (Se or Ne) as their dominant function, while ExxJs have a Rational function (Te or Fe) as their dominant function.

    For Introverts, IxxPs have a Rational function (Ti or Fi) as their dominant function, while IxxJs have an Irrational function (Si or Ni) as their dominant function.

    The four-function model also features tertiary and inferior functions. The tertiary function is the "opposite" of the auxiliary function, while the inferior function is the "opposite" of the dominant function. When I refer to "opposites" in this sense, I mean the following:
    Ti is the opposite of Fe
    Fi is the opposite of Te
    Se is the opposite of Ni
    Ne is the opposite of Si

    So, for our ISTP example:
    Dominant: Ti
    Auxiliary: Se
    Tertiary: Ni
    Inferior: Fe
    Jung did not say that the auxiliary function would be the opposite attitude of the dominant. Myers said that. Jung only implies that the auxiliary functions might take the opposing attitude provided they were largely unconscious (in which case they would take on the attitude of the unconscious, i.e. extraversion in an introvert). But I think its pretty clear that, to the extent the aux was differentiated it would probably take on the conscious orientation so Introverted Thinking type with Sensation would be Ti-Si not Ti-Se.

    On top of that Myers-Briggs did not, for a long time (and still in some circles) clearly delineate the function model that you have here. An ISTP is not necessarily Ti-Se-Ni-Fe. Originally ISTP would've been Ti-Se-Ne-Fe with all the other functions being of the opposite attitude (which should be more Jungian in a lot of ways, but ends up not being because Myers more or less ignores the dynamic between conscious/unconscious so central to Jung's theory).

    Where Jung has a number of different directions that the auxiliaries can go (he really only comes down firm on the inferior function), Myers settled on one (and as people like @reckful point out, probably was not terribly focused on cognitive functions anyway. At least perhaps not to the extent that they are promoted today).
    Teybo thanked this post.

  5. #5
    INTJ - The Scientists

    Quote Originally Posted by Grunfur View Post
    I am really concerned with the types and the ordering of the functions. How does an individual use Ti dominant and Ne auxiliary? What is the explanation for this?
    To follow up on @LiquidLight's post: When Myers declared that the auxiliary function's attitude would be the opposite of the attitude of the dominant function (e.g., Ni-Te for INTJs), she acknowledged that that interpretation put her in the minority of Jung scholars, and I think it was a mistake. For more on that issue, see this post and the posts it links to.


 

Similar Threads

  1. Survival Guide For INFPs
    By Spooky in forum INFP Articles
    Replies: 27
    Last Post: 07-24-2013, 08:52 PM
  2. Birth Order
    By Nightwine in forum Myers Briggs Forum
    Replies: 151
    Last Post: 08-01-2010, 08:47 PM
  3. The New World Order
    By Spooky in forum Current Events
    Replies: 8
    Last Post: 08-05-2009, 10:00 PM
  4. Birth order
    By Grish in forum General Psychology
    Replies: 20
    Last Post: 02-20-2009, 10:19 PM

Tags for this Thread

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •  
All times are GMT -7. The time now is 01:56 PM.
Information provided on the site is meant to complement and not replace any advice or information from a health professional.
© 2014 PersonalityCafe