I'm just interested here in hearing everyone's personal and short answers to all these questions. A sentence justification would be fine but this is not intended to be a debate. Feel free to make up your own answers, since the ones I've offered are only supposed to tell you how specific I want the answers to be:
1. When is the latest point that the potential for a baby can morally be 'killed"? (Assuming a healthy baby):
Masturbation (killing the baby in the form of it's seed).
Moments after sex (spermicide).
Days after sex (allowing rape victims not to give birth to the rapist's baby).
Some period of time (please define it).
Seconds before birth.
After birth? :P
2. When can capital punishment be performed? (Realistically speaking, we are not God, and not certain of the guilt. Rather the person is convicted through the legal process, with no "reasonable doubt")
All convicted murderers.
All convicted "super evil" murderers.
Only when lifetime jail is impossible, to stop further murders.
3. What should be the main purpose of jail?
Deter people from crimes.
Punish or torture criminals.
Allow the victims to know the criminals are punished.
Make victims feel more secure, since the criminal is in jail.
Remove criminals from society.
Re-integrate criminals into society.
4. What should be the main purpose of (mandatory) schooling?
Allow society to make good choices.
Integrate new citizens into the workforce.
Show new citizens options for their life.
Teach order and discipline.
Schooling should not be mandatory for children (is it..? :P).
5. How much involvement in business should the government have? (Identify your country)
More than now.
Less than now.
6. Through some creative circumstance, you need to make a choice to save only one of two groups of people. One group is made up of four thieves, the other is made up of three regular, fairly virtuous people. Who do you save?
7. For the last question, what ratio of thieves to good citizens would you rather (just barely rather) save? (Thinking it is probably better to save a million thieves and kill one good person..?)
8. A captain of sinking boat, is now on a life raft with thirty people on it, but it is designed to hold seven. He knows nobody will survive the coming storm if nobody is pushed off the boat. Also, doing a random draw is a bad idea since he also knows they need all the strong rowers to survive. He kicks some people off, saving as many as he can. The people on the boat are rescued days later. Is he guilty of murder? Elaborate, I guess.
9a. There are two groups of workers near train tracks. A trolley is zipping by, about to certainly kill five workers who cannot possibly see it coming. You only have the choice to hit a switch, sending the trolley to a different fork, certainly killing only one worker. Do you hit the switch, to save more people?
9b. This time there is no switch. The trolley is about to kill five workers, except there is a fat man walking across the rail who also cannot see it coming. If it hits the fat man he will certainly die, but it will save the five workers. You can only warn the fat man, saving him but thus killing the workers. Do you warn him, or do nothing and save the five workers?
9c. Just like 9b, only the fat man is standing beside you, watching in horror. You only have the choice to shove him in front of the trolley, saving the five workers. Yes/No?
9d. There are five car accident patients who are about to die, a pity because they were otherwise perfectly healthy. They all require five different vital organs (don't make me be creative here :P ). As a doctor, should you harvest a random hospital visitor to save the five lives?
For questions 9, consider the fact that all four scenarios you have the choice to kill one person to save five lives. There are only differences in conditions. I am done for now :o