Neural imaging can identify how meditation affects the brain. In this case, the study identifies which parts of the mind propagate stories and our personal, on-going narrative or internal chatter and which part of the brain is attuned to present moment awareness of the body.
The average, non-mediator is wrapped up in their own stories whereas those who meditate see their story as less real and less important while becoming more aware of what's actually happening right now.
For the INTP, Internal chatter = Ti/Ne, present moment bodily awareness = Fe. Thus, if an INTP wants to wake up to their full potential as a human being (i.e. develop their Fe), meditation has been scientifically proven to facilitate this transformation.