Samkhya/Yoga defines five kleshas or (afflictions) of consciousness, all of which recycle energy back onto the individual (symbolically much like your avatar). The other three are raga, or raving for pleasure, dvesha, or rejection of pain and avidya, or incorrect discernment of reality. Seems like Sufism's onto the same thing. When I get a little more time I'll read up on nafs. I've studied a bit of Sufism, but I don't explicitly remember the term.