The Judging Functions
Jung calls the judging functions the "rational" functions. He calls them "rational" because they are the functions we use to construct arguments.
Before I begin, I would like to say that none of the functions exist in a vacuum. All of the functions exist within all of us and are accessible to all of us. It is a matter of individual preference.
There are two kinds of arguments available to the human psyche: thinking and feeling.
Feeling in this context refers to the arguments constructed around human emotion of which there are two directions: extroverted and introverted.
Extroverted Feeling (Fe) is the function that assesses the mood of a room, feels what other people feel, watches a film, identifies with the central character, and wants that character to succeed. Fe is the empathy function. Fe is the function that constructs arguments based on how others are feeling and generally seeks to connect with other people's struggles, joys, triumphs, and/or failures. Fe is the function that connects one person to another.
Fe primaries exemplify warmth and emotional understanding. Fe primaries generally use their warmth to generate warm and loving social environments. For this reason Fe primaries often make compassionate and considerate bosses, friends, parents, etc.
Common enneagram types: 2, 6,
also: 4, 3, 9, 1
Introverted Feeling (Fi) is the function that assesses one's personal emotional and ethical data. These arguments are framed around the central questions:
Who do I want to be? Who am I? What do I like? What do I want to do?
Are my actions consistent with what I believe to be good?
Am I behaving in a way that I believe to be good? What are the emotional implications of that statement? What does that mean to me? Would this make me happy in the long run?
The Fi function absorbs emotional data from world around and creates a framework of how the actions affect the above questions. Because Fi is introverted, it is less directly visible than Fe. The kindness and warmth of the Fi is demonstrated more indirectly through enthusiasm and compassionate understanding than through direct connection of Fe. Because of the complexity of Fi's inner emotional framework, Fi users are among those with gifts for aesthetics and social subtlety.
Common enneagram types: 4, 7, 9
also: 2, 3, 6
Thinking in this context refers to the arguments constructed around human logic of which there are two directions: extroverted and introverted.
Extroverted Thinking (Te) checks for logical consistency and efficiency in the external world. Te is a function which seeks to structure information and the world in such a way that the argument is agreed to by societal standards. Just like Fe assesses the mood of a room, Te assesses the room in terms of: the arguments being made, the order and structure of the room, and the acceptability of the arguments being made in the room. Te looks for efficiency, order, proof (did you back up your claims?). Te is the realm of standard operating procedures, guidelines, and accepted schools of thought. Te likes to make big theories that encompass methods of organizing and sorting the external world. Te likes to keep track of data and facts.
For this reason, Te primaries are among those who are gifted in the art of scheduling, fact keeping, timeliness, efficiency, order, and structure. Thus, making them gifted teachers, engineers, bureaucrats, soldiers, generals, CEOs, business people, etc.
Common enneagram types: 1, 3, 6, 8
Introverted Thinking (Ti) while Te is the method of structuring the external world, Ti is primarily concerned with structuring the internal world. Ti users are not nearly as concerned with the structure and order of the room at large. Rather, the structure, consistency, and logic of the external world is taken in by Ti where it is broken down into pieces and folded into the internal framework of how the external world works which allows Ti users to recall the information quickly when needed. Ti boils arguments, information, and facts down to their most simplified form. Ti users typically have a more difficult time proving how and where they arrived at their conclusions as they are incorporating all the fact data they have boiled down to arrive there. Ti is individual logic rather than societal logic. Ti doesn't concern itself with standard operating procedures and prefers to do and say what makes logical sense to the Ti user.
Ti users have been among some of the most renowned and insightful theorists, writers, and scientists.
Common enneagram types: 5, 3, 8
also: 6, 7