The nueroscience of personality and Dario Nardi

The nueroscience of personality and Dario Nardi

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This is a discussion on The nueroscience of personality and Dario Nardi within the Cognitive Functions forums, part of the Personality Type Forums category; So I couldn't find a thread about Dario Nardi and his amazing book, Neuroscience of Personality, so here one is. ...

  1. #1
    Unknown Personality

    The nueroscience of personality and Dario Nardi

    So I couldn't find a thread about Dario Nardi and his amazing book, Neuroscience of Personality, so here one is.

    To make the book he scanned the brains of more than 60 university students using an EEG, each subject for 3-4 hours. He asked them a range of questions, did various physical activities like catching a ball, made them recall experiences, do something they were good at, all kinds of stuff. He found tons of evidence for type, measured neuroscientific information that displays the physical reality of type and function.

    Attachment 56843
    He found that the cognitive functions talked about in MBTI circles are present in the brain as distinct patterns of activity, giving people a natural inclination towards certain skills and behaviors. In the presentation he gives to Google (on youtube, over an hour long, very good) he mentions that the brain activities of 2 random people are roughly 5% similar but 2 people of the same myers briggs type have roughly 80% similarity.
    Your functions are almost like incredible brain superpowers, appearing as amazing different patterns on the EEG display. As well as function states the brains of the 16 types use different sets of preferred individual regions.
    Here's some of what he had to say about the 16 different types, their functions and some of their favorite regions.

    Introverted Intuition- INTJ - INFJ

    Attachment 56844
    Ni appears as a whole brained state, where all the areas attached to the EEG are in a synchronized at low power that can last for up to 10 minutes appearing as a solid blue on the EEG.

    All types display the blue state in certain situations, which is known as flow. If someone has mastered a skill over many years, such as dancing, then when they perform that skill their brain will show this state.

    Ni types can achieve flow from being asked a single question, and display it when tackling completely unfamiliar problems. They also use it when planning into the future. Ni is basically an upside down flow state. ENTJs and ENFJs also use this state somewhat, they usually benefit from kind of sensory focus to get into it and hard metaphysical questions can bring it about. In terms of individual regions All 4 of these types use the precise speaking region of the brain very heavily. INTJs and INFJs are strongly visual in their thinking, ENTJs and ENFJs have POWER CIRCUITS of 4 key regions which they use for thinking efficiently and HYPER FAST, DAMN.

    xtraverted Intuition - ENTP - ENFP

    Attachment 56846

    A fast, high energy consuming, asynchronous whole brained state, the "christmas tree" brain. Trans-contextual and creative, tapping all areas of the brain at different and shifting levels of power.
    For the rest of us words like cat and dog evoke a simple response from a visual, auditory or memory region, but the Ne dominant will employ all regions suddenly and expand the words into many possiblerelationships and situations. Two brothers, one happy and fun like a dog, the other quiet and serious like a cat...if dogs and cats could write then how would the styles differ?
    ENTPs are precise speaking strategic gamers, weighing multiple pros and cons. ENFPs are imaginative mimics and listeners. As well as using this state to some degree INFPs can enter the blue state when listening to someone, which they do fully and for extended periods. INTPs can also achieve a green whole state to shut out emotion for objective reasoning in certain situations.

    More functions in the next post

  2. #2
    Unknown Personality

    Extraverted Sensing - ESTP - ESFP

    Attachment 56847
    Momentum! Flexibility! Readiness! Action! The brains of Se types can commit to any region quickly, lightly hopping back and forth between all of them constantly, always ready. This may seem as a blank state on the EEG machine as the hopping is very quick and takes up barely any energy, it is also asynchronous. Se isn't surprised no matter what comes it's way. Alert and untaxing.

    All types can show a hopping pattern when playing games of tactical action, such a car racing computer game.

    Se types show the flow state in a crisis. In a role playing scenario the acting out of a crisis can even evoke this response. The more perilous, the more likely they are to achieve flow. No other types show this kind of dramatic flow. Afterwards the Se type may feel the effects of the saved up stress in the form of something like a headache.
    Se types are good at processing body and sense information. They get bored very easily, they show more activity looking out a window than when sitting at a desk. They might find that standing helps them think.

    Introverted Sensing - ISTJ - ISFJ

    Attachment 56849

    Where Se types can jump to quickly to any region, Si types have the potential to develop any region over a long period of time, etching skills into their brain activity permanently. They show brain activity that reflects their training and background.
    They might suddenly turn on certain regions that they normally never use for a particular skill. They make very good specialists.

    They can get into flow when reviewing past events, re-living the experience in rich detail where most people show a small blip in a specific region.

    They have natural skill when it comes to rote memorization, repetition and the analyzation of daily events. They are best at remembering information with little or no context, like birthday dates or strings of random words. My ISFJ friend described to me an automatic information echo in her mind that makes things stick.

    ISFJs and ISTJs heavily use a region that attends to social feedback.

    more to come

  3. #3
    Unknown Personality

    Has anyone read this book yet?I personally think it would have been better had he made the sample a lot bigger over time so that he could reproduce the findings of the test before he drew any conclusions.Maybe if he would have done this experiment on different Uni campuses around the united states before drawing any conclusive data for this book.
    Kitagawa Megumi, Bluity, Tula13 and 1 others thanked this post.

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  5. #4
    Unknown Personality

    Extraverted Feeling - ESFJ - ENFJ

    Attachment 56867
    Fe types focus on social responsibility. Communication, evaluation of others behavior, masters of explaining and deciding with a focus values and social action.

    Fe types suppress emotional impulses from deep inside the brain in favor of sophisticated ethical responses, speaking calmy even though describing emotionally charged topics.
    When asked about the action of a drunk driver ending up killing someone an ENFJ expanded the conversation into a discussion of human responsibility and the ESFJ claimed to be outraged and yet kept a level head.

    Sometimes Fe types can switch from highly composed to very angry. All Fe types show preference for a region that adjusts to social feedback, dealing with facial expressions and causing them to adjust their behavior accordingly. Both ESFJs and ENFJs use the precise speaker region heavily, they are also the two least visual thinking types.

    ENFJs show a 4 region circuit similar to ENTJs and like to assess intentions, ESFJs are more inclined to recalling facts, following steps, environmental navigation, linear deductions and copying others behavior.

    Introverted Feeling - INFP - ISFP

    Attachment 56864

    Introverted feelers achieve flow when listening.
    ISFPs will listen for a short amount of time and then move to action, INFPs will listen for up to 10 minutes. INFPs can get to the core of someones psychology this way but are less likely to defend their views or take action, but when finally done they can make very strong decisions.

    As well as listening skills the Fi types carefully compose their own speech. ISFPs notice when others withold information and pay careful attention to voice tone, ESFPs also listen to voice tone.

    They have high activity in the region that dictates ranking of importance, what is more or less worthwhile and what relates to their values. Fi types show the least activity in regions that aid logic - deducing, classifying, defining, but do use some logic in when evaluating people.

    ISFPs show more activity when predicting what will come next in the future, INFPs when exercising their rich imagination.

  6. #5
    Unknown Personality

    Extraverted Thinking - ENTJ - ESTJ

    Attachment 56870

    Te types show efficient use of mental energy and rely on evidence based thinking. The brain can use up much energy, possibly tiring someone after a day of just sitting and thinking. Te types efficient use of energy allows them to make decisions and provide explanations allow them to excel as leaders.

    They prefer 4 regions that aid hearing, seeing, recalling and deciding. They may choose to rely on these regions when other regions are called for, in order to quickly create an actionable response. They may choose action over accuracy or potential, which can sometimes cause problems. They have a focus on goals, task completion and error correction, but prefer to direct others to fulfill the step by step minutia of them.

    They show high activity when expressing personal values, much more so when negatively. Words like 'moral' and 'smart' are taken for granted as necessary, but 'stupid' and 'immoral' will light up that region. Time to correct an error!
    Female Te types show more diverse brain activity and attention to social feedback.
    ISTJs and INTJs are more drawn to implementing ideas over quick decision making.

    ESTJs are more detail orientated , open to brainstorming and listening to authority. ENTJs have their creative backup Ni and their HYPER FAST BRAIN CIRCUIT, OMG.

    Introverted Thinking - INTP - ISTP

    Attachment 56872

    Ti types show strong usage of 4 areas that create complex and logical reasoning. Ti types have brain resources that are mostly neglected by other types.

    One of the regions helps to linearly derive solutions using symbolic reasoning. If A = B, and B = C, then logically A must be equal to C. ESTPs show most preference for this kind of thinking, followed by INTPs.

    Another of the regions helps to categorize and define concepts using a best fit process. Does dolphin fit mammal or fish better? This region sorts many categories at once. INTPs use this most followed by ESTPs.

    The third helps to integrate visual-kinesthetic data. Object identification, motor skills like aim and mathematical calculating using a grid. ISTPs prefer this followed by ENTPs.

    Finally the 4th holistically weighs numerous pros and cons of many uncertain or risky options at once to arrive at a single result. Gambling odds for example. ENTPs followed by ISTPs.

    These 4 regions are deep in the middle of the neocortex, their distance from the more commonly used outer regions reflecting an ability to think in a 'deep' and 'detached' way, which they can do with visual auditory or kinesthetic distractions.

    They can show a green whole brained state when meeting a new person, starting a new activity or arguing with someone, which may last a few minutes. Overall Ti types show the least interest in listening. Female Ti types can listen more with effort.

    In discussion of complex ideas they may quickly show a red/max power 6 region formation combining the usual 4 plus the 2 front regions of the brain, examining an idea from multiple angles while integrating those angles cohesively.

  7. #6
    Unknown Personality

    If you found this interesting then you would definitely like the book. It has a full page on each individual region and shows the usage of all regions for all 16 types, going from most used to least. You can see what you and others do best in great detail and see where the areas actually are on a picture of each types brain.

    It explains the functions further and contains much general neuro-scientific information, information on the testing methods and general myers briggs information. It's about 180 pages long and has a lot in the way of diagrams, tables and illustrations. I can't go for 2 days without referencing it for something.
    Typology Jesus, L, 2Thumbs and 1 others thanked this post.

  8. #7
    ISTJ - The Duty Fulfillers

    So much awesome :D

  9. #8
    ENFP - The Inspirers

    @Bardo , thanks for posting that. ^_^ I'm ordering that book right now with my Christmas money. I've been wanting it for a long time. Last time I tried to buy it, it was out of stock.

    Considering you've read the book, is it not unusual for there to be ENFPs who aren't really visual at all and are in fact very kinesthetic/auditory? I don't know if that is even mentioned. I am simply curious. It is interesting that ENFJs and ESFJs are supposedly the least visual -- this is true for my mom who is an ESFJ. Very interesting. :)

  10. #9


    nice inferior Se pictures

  11. #10
    INFJ - The Protectors

    He gave a talk about his book at Google a while back, for this who might be inclined to sample his work that way. I'm waiting on my friend to send me his eBook copy of this - he said he really liked it, although he disagreed with a few things. Good that you've made this post - people seem to think I'm crazy when I start talking about the MBTI being increasingly empirically backed - and this is one of the reasons why I do :D

    Edit: Forgot to post the talk!

    Last edited by MonogamyIsNice; 12-27-2012 at 08:57 AM.
    Typology Jesus, L, 2Thumbs and 6 others thanked this post.

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